How to properly update device drivers on Windows 10

On Windows 10, a device driver is a collection of files with instructions that allows the system to interact with specific hardware (such as graphics card, hard drive, and network adapter) and peripherals, including mice, keyboards, printers, monitors, and many others.

Typically, Windows will detect and install devices automatically using a combination of the local basic driver library and Windows Update. However, you may sometimes have to update some controllers manually. For example, when Windows 10 cannot recognize a component, the device stops working after an upgrade, Windows Update installs a generic package, or you must apply a critical fix or access a new feature quickly.